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Title: Solving the Nitrate Problem
Wilson Boardman in his early career was working in the pesticide industry in both technical and commercial roles for multi-national manufacturers. Micromix was acquired by the OLMIX group in June 2018 and Wilson is now the Global Ambassador for Plant Care Products for the French owned group. Micromix recently was awarded a research grant by the UK government of a little over $1m to develop its technology facilitating crop development under reduced irrigation or drought conditions.
Aim: To develop technologies that promote greater efficiency of crop output per applied unit of nitrogen fertiliser
Nitrogen fertilisers are used and abused all around the world.
- World grain production has almost tripled in the last 50 years
- Per capita grain production has increased, reducing global hunger
- Nitrogen fertilisers have played a significant role in enabling these results by increasing the yields of fast growing, nitrogen hungry crops
- Over application
- Product Limitations
- Lack of viable product alternatives
Multi-N™ represents a revolution in Nitrogen Fertiliser Technology. Foliar applied Nitrogen with almost zero scorch, active plant uptake and reduced pollution.
- 85% Grain N uptake efficiency
- 30% reduction in N required/ha
- High rates of application (up to 90kg N)
- Can supply total N needs of a crop
- Low ammonia volatilisation -> no leaf scorch
- Reduces losses to groundwater >90%
- Higher Yields even with lower N
- Reduces Volatilisation losses >35%
- Easy to use (can even be tank-mixed)
- Reduces carbon footprint >20%
Peter Appleton is Project Manager of an advanced technology project in agriculture, aquaculture utilizing advanced water technologies which increase production of agriculture and aquaculture by 36% - 40% eliminate pesticides and decrease need for fertilizers and improve greatly profits of large and smallholders, particularly of high value export crops. Internationally, he has worked in over 80 countries for agencies and foundations as a consultant, and in leading major projects as Chief of Party.
Advanced Agricultural Marketing, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural Marketing
The world will need 50 percent more food by 2050.
Unless change occurs in food consumption and production patterns
- Is a scenario where population growth outpaces the growth in food supply resulting in large-scale famines becoming increasingly likely?
Preventing this may very well be one of the most important challenges of the 21st century.
Despite being ranked near the bottom in industry surveys on the state of digitization, Agriculture and Aquaculture are rapidly becoming more digital. Data Science, Artificial Intelligence and Advanced Growth Technologies are converging to answer these serious challenges and transform food production. Digitalization, Artificial Intelligence and Automation are changing the landscape of production and distribution in Agriculture and Aquaculture.
With this transition, farm data is becoming both richer and more robust. The availability of this data is paving the way to develop and deploy AI in Agriculture and Aquaculture. To date, AI has mostly been led by the big tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, and Amazon as they look to gain access to capabilities to help transform industries as diverse as transportation, healthcare, retail, and manufacturing. Are Agriculture and Aquaculture next in this transformation?
Innovators can now change the world of agriculture and aquaculture, much like Norman Borlaug, the father of the green revolution and Nobel Prize winner in 1970 who "more than any other single person of this age, helped provide bread for a hungry world.” Like Borlaug, today’s innovators have access to the tools of plant and animal genetics, chemistry, agronomics, and machinery. But, more importantly, they have access to new tools – Artificial Intelligence (AI), Big Data and other Advanced Technologies.
Oral Session 1:
- Agricultural Engineering | Agriculture and Food Security| Plant Science | Agricultural Production Systems & Agribusiness
Agostino Menna has committed to research, entrepreneurship, startups and venture capital. His research interests centre around 3 key themes: 1. Entrepreneurship and commercialization strategies; 2. Global Innovation Agriculture Technology 3. The intersection of entrepreneurship and economics. He has Founded small education support services company KnowQuest Inc. and restructured company in 2018.
Recognizing the importance of entrepreneurship to the success of farming, the central objective of this study is to develop a conceptual framework for classifying farming environments for market success. A comprehensive investigation of the general literature dealing with profitability and efficiency measures was undertaken to identify appropriate theoretical constructs and provide empirical support from which to develop a farming framework. From that review, it was ascertained that farm environments are influenced by many factors which dictates the choice of strategy, the type of innovation, the level of commercial risk and profit potential facing farms and farm start-ups (Diederen et. al., 2003; Walsh, 2012). Moreover, farming environments in this study are defined as net profit margin (profitability) and operating expenses as a percentage of sales (efficiency).
Another objective of this study is to determine if certain regions in Ontario encourage or discourage agriculture entrepreneurial opportunities by establishing appropriate metrics to help identify which farming environments exists within those regions. Data was obtained from the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. Two cluster analysis was applied to distribute using regions and farm size, as determined by profitability and efficiency in Ontario and placed into their respective farming environments.
This study advances research in agriculture entrepreneurship for three reasons. First, the conceptual framework displays the diversity in profitability of farming in an aggregated approach using regions and farm size. Second, it identifies strategies within those environments where farmers are able to maximize returns using a profit theory approach. Using the established framework, this study provides an indication of which regions and farm size are able to get the optimum return on investment in Ontario.
Aleksandra Ukalska-Jaruga is currently in the Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Poland.
Over the last 20 years, the use of pesticides in Poland significantly increased from 8848 to 24006 tons. The highest level of consumption was recorded for herbicides and fungicides, respectively 12190 and 7737 tons in 2019, which accounted for 83% of its total usage (Statistical Yearbook of Agriculture 2012-2019). The presented data show that the use of these substances in Poland is systematically growing, and people are increasingly exposed to the residues of these compounds in food products. Despite the occurrence of many threats and the possibility of including harmful substances in the biological chain, pesticides are still the most effective method of combating pathogens. Therefore, constant monitoring of the pesticide residue level in soils is necessary, and the information on the actual level of soil environment contamination by these toxic compounds is crucial for the proper assessment of the risk resulting from their application.
The aim of the research was to assess the content of pesticide residues in agricultural soils of Poland according to Polish Regulation (Dz.U. 2016 poz. 1395).
Soil was collected from 216 sampling points (0-25 cm) located throughout the country. The samples were dried, sieved, ground, and then subjected to extraction with organic solvents. Organochlorine pesticides: α-HCH, β-HCH, γ-HCH (Lindane), Aldrin, Dieldrin, Endrin, and 4,4'DDT and its metabolites: 4,4'DDE and 4,4'DDD were extracted in the Accelerated Solvent Extractor (ASE200) with a hexane mixture / acetone (50/50 v / v), purified on deactivated silica gel and determined by gas chromatography with the electron capture detector (GC-μECD). Non-chlorine pesticides such as: Atrazine, Carbaryl and Carbofuran were extracted in ASE200 with a dichloromethane / acetone mixture (50/50 v / v) and purified on deactivated silica gel. Maneb was extracted from the soil by shaking the sample mixed with ethyl acetate. Non-chlorine pesticides were determined using a dual mass spectrometry (GQ QQQ Agilent System) gas method operating in MRM (Multiple Reaction Monitoring) mode.
The research indicated that Polish soils do not contain a high concentration of pesticides, neither non-chlorine (Atrazine, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Maneb) nor organochlorine compounds (α-HCH, γ-HCH, Aldrin, Dieldrin and Endrin). Nevertheless, the sum of 4,4'DDT / 4,4'DDE / 4,4'DDD was slightly above the limit (> 0.12 mg kg-1), exceeding the permissible content of these compounds in soils in twelve samples. The higher concentrations of DDT may come from the period when DDT was authorized for use in agriculture as indicated by the proportion of 4,4’DDE / 4,4’DDT and high half-livesof these compounds in the soil.
Keter Basil Kimutai has a BSc Informatics (2015) from Moi University. Born and brought up in a farming background, he has been exposed to agricultural practices and processes. He has a passion in operating farm machinery. Having worked for Monsanto, he was able to build more knowledge in Precision Agriculture and crop. Currently he is in USA undergoing practical training in agriculture.
Advanced Precision Agriculture seeks to take Agriculture beyond its boundaries. It uses a sustainable system of fully autonomous farm machines that can be able to support themselves with very minimal human interference, production is monitored right to the seed level, i.e. each corn in the field is mapped to a computer according to its precise location in the field when planting then when harvesting, data about the seed is also harvested (crop height, number of cobbs, and average weight of the grains). This creates a super huge data to be used for decision making in the next crop year. While the crop grows in the fields, computer monitors their progress considering farm conditions such climate. The computer simulates the growth too to see how much the crop in the field is deviating from the normal. All these data makes decision making more precise and advanced.
The agricultural world, despite challenges, is heading towards Advanced Precision Agriculture.
Title: Agriculture and Horticulture is the basic need for the development of health, daily use of life, reduction in financial crises, poverty
Muhammad Usman is a former director General of Agricultural Research System, Government of Pakistan who retired from service after a spotless career of about 35 years with senior level experience on research and development of integrated agricultural production, industries, Agriculture & Horticulture and bioenergy on a sustainable way. He established “Prominent Argo Based Industries, Argo Based Industries and Consultancy SDN BHD” in Malaysia and “Foundation for Rural Development in Pakistan”, with primarily aims to work on integrated agricultural project for Rural Development through improvement in agriculture and consultancy services to the formers at Malaysia.
The aim of presentation consists of agriculture, horticulture, health, daily use of life, financial crises, poverty and hunger were studied and reported that Agriculture and Horticulture is the basic need for the development of health, daily use of life, reduction in financial crises, poverty and hunger in the world. Agriculture is the science, art and occupation of cultivating the soil, producing crops, raising livestock etc. It is the food we eat, the clothing we wear, the materials of our homes, the garden around us etc. In other words, agricultural is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fibers, biofuels and other products used to sustain human life. It is not only the basic need of food but also fulfills all the basic requirements of human beings for the daily use of their life’s like integrated agricultural products/industries including Livestock and Dairy Development i.e. beef, mutton, milk and milk product, Poultry like broiler, table eggs, etc. Aquaculture the rearing of fish, apiculture the rearing or keeping bees, The different Crops production, Seed industry like wheat rice, maize etc. The word horticulture comes from two Latin words which mean “garden” and “culture”. Horticulture is the area of agriculture involving basically the art and science of growing and handling the fruits, nuts, vegetables, herbs, flowers, foliage plants, woody ornamental, turf etc. Horticulture is divided into different distinct disciplines/industries, such as Floriculture, Landscape horticulture, Olericulture, Pomology and Post-harvest physiology. In the light of the above study, it is proposed to commercialize the industries of agriculture and horticulture for absorbing millions of technical and non-technical peoples, create employment, generate income, stronger economy, reduce the crises, poverty and hunger in the world.