Ecology and Ecosystem maintain the high quality and economic use of natural products, energies by examining the interaction between environmental components. The principles of ecology can help in predicting, extinguishing and neutralizing the potential adverse effects on globe around us. An ecosystem can be determined by various parent materials like soil, water, air, topography but the conservation of the ecosystem can be human-made.
Addition of any physical and biological contaminants in the environment makes the pollution rate faster. Anthropogenic contaminants have a huge role in it with some involvement of natural disasters. Mostly seven types of pollutions are classified, which can be dissipated, weakened, decomposed, recycled and stored in a harmless manner, towards the betterment of the humankind. Core processes and their outputs, identifying the significant component of environmental pollution and their impacts, maintaining awareness and legal requirements may lead towards a green future.
Many manmade activities have a direct impact on the chemical composition of the organisms in the environment. Environmental Chemistry investigates the effects of those hazardous chemical effects on natural products. Analytical chemistry may help in resolving the problems in Environmental Chemistry by using analytical methods. The health of a person is the mirror of the quality of the environment. Environmental engineering helps us in applying the scientific approach of the engineering principle to fight against the adverse effect of the polluted environmental factors.
Variation among the living organisms in a genetic and species level in the ecosystem causes a balanced food chain. Biodiversity is being very important to all organisms as they need food to survive first along with that it has great economic value in the market because of various natural goods. In the environment, everything is connected and biodiversity is the essential connecting link between the environment and organisms. Till now many protocols have been accepted to conserve the greatest support of the environment. Along with legal methods all the in situ and ex situ conservation methods, national parks, sanctuaries have been made to maintain the perfect balance.
Bioremediation is one of the important processes to reduce and neutralize the waste from the environment by using various organisms by oxidation-reduction methods. Without using the chemicals, only bacteria, fungi, protists, and other microorganisms can heal and neutralize the waste. The in-situ and ex-situ process of bioremediation refers to the treatments of the waste at its origin and after being removed from the original area. The only limitation in bioremediation is not to neutralize the contamination of heavy metals in the wastes because of the metabolic pathways of the microorganisms.
The changes in weather patterns take decades and stay up to millions of years and it can be calculated in a statistical way. The time variation in between weather conditions is a longer-term average condition. Factors that can shape the climate are called as “Climate forcings”. It can be internal or external. Internal force mechanisms are the natural processes and the external force mechanisms may like anthropogenic activities.
The geographic area of the earth is filled with renewable energy, which is also called green energy as it comes completely from nature. Renewable energy has the power to boost up the poorest country to new prosperous country. Wind power, geothermal power, solar energy etc. has the capacity to take the energy power to a new level and the market is in trend nowadays as it gives 100% back up to the non-renewable energy resources.
Carbon is the ultimate source of the ecosystem to making it grow day by day mainly because of its involvement in photosynthesis. Carbon is important before making a bond with any other element. Carbon capture is likely to reduce the amount the CO2 from the atmosphere before being a large point source for pollution. Carbon capture and sequestration cause enrichment of the soil by adding many more amount of carbon to the soil before releasing it to the atmosphere. Generally, carbon capture and sequestration process involve soil and ocean to store a high rate of carbon amount.
Technology and nature both are inversely proportional. In some cases, technology helps to rebuild nature but mostly for mankind’s development environment is being polluted. This technology gives us tons of garbage of waste electronic devices of which recycling is quite difficult. For radioactive elements to heavy metals, the air, soil, wind, water all are being polluted with this. Nowadays e-waste management should grab the global attention and market should invest more time and money to make our earth e- garbage free.
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is mainly found in the plastic components of electrical and electronic equipment. When burned, PVC releases harmful dioxins, furans and phthalates, which are known carcinogens and reproductive toxicants. Hence we have to say NO to plastic.
To avoid all these kind of pollutions and problems discussed above we should follow some rules for safety. Awareness among people, showing practical aspects of environmental pollution, creating a proper balance between technology and nature may help to create a better earth tomorrow. For the safety of the health and for diluting the pollution of the environment some regulatory agencies are made with some disciplined rules to follow. Still, awareness is must be needed in local area basis to avoid future troubles.
A proper management process may heal and lower the destruction rate in the environment. Create ecological boundaries, connecting different levels of biodiversity; invent new ideas to resolve the current situation and problem, maintain the population growth in a pattern, experiment with different designs and models to make all this work: these are some of the ideas and recent methods which are being taken up by many of the countries to face this situation together.
Laws must be implemented to regulate these theories to action. Several treaties, statues, regulations, common and customary laws are made by the governments of individual nations. Rehearsing the key concepts and guidelines and responding to emerging awareness programs is the best way to implement these laws in our daily life to make our life healthy and worthy.